Measuring the dynamics and mechanical properties of muscles and joints is important to understand the (patho)physiology of muscles. However, acquiring dynamic time-resolved MRI data is challenging. We have previously developed Spectro-Dynamic MRI which allows the characterization of dynamical systems at a high spatial and temporal resolution directly from k-space data. This work presents an extended Spectro-Dynamic MRI framework that reconstructs 1) time-resolved MR images, 2) time-resolved motion fields, 3) dynamical parameters, and 4) an activation force, at a temporal resolution of 11 ms. An iterative algorithm solves a minimization problem containing four terms: a motion model relating the motion to the fully-sampled k-space data, a dynamical model describing the expected type of dynamics, a data consistency term describing the undersampling pattern, and finally a regularization term for the activation force. We acquired MRI data using a dynamic motion phantom programmed to move like an actively driven linear elastic system, from which all dynamic variables could be accurately reconstructed, regardless of the sampling pattern. The proposed method performed better than a two-step approach, where time-resolved images were first reconstructed from the undersampled data without any information about the motion, followed by a motion estimation step.

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IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging
Computational Imaging

van Riel, M., van Leeuwen, T., van den Berg, C., & Sbrizzi, A. (2023). Time-resolved reconstruction of motion, force, and stiffness using Spectro-Dynamic MRI. IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging, 9, 917–927. doi:10.1109/TCI.2023.3324757