Asymptotic approximations of Jacobi polynomials are given in terms of elementary functions for large degree n and parameters α and β. From these new results, asymptotic expansions of the zeros are derived and methods are given to obtain the coefficients in the expansions. These approximations can be used as initial values in iterative methods for computing the nodes of Gauss–Jacobi quadrature for large degree and parameters. The performance of the asymptotic approximations for computing the nodes and weights of these Gaussian quadratures is illustrated with numerical examples.

Jacobi polynomials, Asymptotic expansion, Gauss quadrature, Estimates of zeros of Jacobi polynomials
doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2020.124642
Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications

Gil, A, Segura, J, & Temme, N.M. (2021). Asymptotic expansions of Jacobi polynomials and of the nodes and weights of Gauss-Jacobi quadrature for large degree and parameters in terms of elementary functions. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 494(2). doi:10.1016/j.jmaa.2020.124642