Recent years have seen a growing interest in using data-driven (machine-learning) techniques for the construction of cheap surrogate models of turbulent subgrid scale stresses. These stresses display complex spatio-temporal structures, and constitute a difficult surrogate target. In this paper we propose a data-preprocessing step, in which we derive alternative subgrid scale models which are virtually exact for a user-specified set of spatially integrated quantities of interest. The unclosed component of these new subgrid scale models is of the same size as this set of integrated quantities of interest. As a result, the corresponding training data is massively reduced in size, decreasing the complexity of the subsequent surrogate construction.

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Computers & Fluids
Verified Exascale Computing for Multiscale Applications

Edeling, W., & Crommelin, D. (2020). Reducing data-driven dynamical subgrid scale models by physical constraints. Computers & Fluids, 201. doi:10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104470