Holographic projections of experimental ultrasound measurements generally use the angular spectrum method or Rayleigh integral, where the measured data is imposed as a Dirichlet boundary condition. In contrast, full-wave models, which can account for more complex wave behaviour, often use interior mass or velocity sources to introduce acoustic energy into the simulation. Here, a method to generate an equivalent interior source that reproduces the measurement data is proposed based on gradient-based optimisation. The equivalent-source can then be used with full-wave models (for example, the open-source k-Wave toolbox) to compute holographic projections through complex media including nonlinearity and heterogeneous material properties. Numerical and experimental results using both time-domain and continuous-wave sources are used to demonstrate the accuracy of the approach.

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Keywords Equivalent-source, Full-wave modelling, Gradient-based optimisation, Holography
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/TUFFC.2018.2861895
Journal IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Treeby, B, Lucka, F, Martin, E, & Cox, B.T. (2018). Equivalent-source acoustic holography for projecting measured ultrasound fields through complex media. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. doi:10.1109/TUFFC.2018.2861895