Equivalent-source acoustic holography for projecting measured ultrasound fields through complex media
Holographic projections of experimental ultrasound measurements generally use the angular spectrum method or Rayleigh integral, where the measured data is imposed as a Dirichlet boundary condition. In contrast, full-wave models, which can account for more complex wave behaviour, often use interior mass or velocity sources to introduce acoustic energy into the simulation. Here, a method to generate an equivalent interior source that reproduces the measurement data is proposed based on gradient-based optimisation. The equivalent-source can then be used with full-wave models (for example, the open-source k-Wave toolbox) to compute holographic projections through complex media including nonlinearity and heterogeneous material properties. Numerical and experimental results using both time-domain and continuous-wave sources are used to demonstrate the accuracy of the approach.
|Keywords||Equivalent-source, Full-wave modelling, Gradient-based optimisation, Holography|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control|
Treeby, B, Lucka, F, Martin, E, & Cox, B.T. (2018). Equivalent-source acoustic holography for projecting measured ultrasound fields through complex media. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. doi:10.1109/TUFFC.2018.2861895