Positive linear systems are frequently used as mathematical models in research areas like biology and economics. The problem to classify all minimal realizations of these systems is treated in this paper. Extensive use is made of the theory of polyhedral cones. Sufficient and necessary conditions for the existence of a positive realization are given, but the problem of minimality leads to the factorization problem of positive matrices. Ideas and results are given to come towards a solution of this factorization problem.

Realizations from input-output data (msc 93B15), Positive matrices and their generalizations; cones of matrices (msc 15B48)
CWI
Department of Operations Research, Statistics, and System Theory [BS]

van den Hof, J.M. (1995). Realization of positive linear systems. Department of Operations Research, Statistics, and System Theory [BS]. CWI.