Query throughput is one of the primary optimization goals in interactive web-based information systems in order to achieve the performance necessary to serve large user communities. Queries in this application domain differ significantly from those in traditional database applications: they are of lower complexity and almost exclusively read-only. The architecture we propose here is specifically tailored to take advantage of the query characteristics. It is based on a large parallel shared-nothing database cluster where each node runs a separate server with a fully replicated copy of the database. A query is assigned and entirely executed on one single node avoiding network contention or synchronization effects. However, the actual key to enhanced throughput is a resource efficient scheduling of the arriving queries. We develop a simple and robust scheduling scheme that takes the currently memory resident data at each server into account and trades off memory re-use and execution time, reordering queries as necessary. Our experimental evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness when scaling the system beyond hundreds of nodes showing super-linear speedup.

Information Systems [INS]
Database Architectures

Waas, F., & Kersten, M. (2000). Memory aware query scheduling in a database cluster. Information Systems [INS]. CWI.