Dynamic rate control algorithms for HDR throughput optimization
The relative delay tolerance of data applications, together with the bursty traffic characteristics, opens up the possibility for scheduling transmissions so as to optimize throughput. A particularly attractive approach, in fading environments, is to exploit the variations in the channel conditions, and transmit to the user with the currently `best' channel. We show that the `best' user may be identified as the maximum-rate user when the feasible rates are weighed with some appropriately determined coefficients. Interpreting the coefficients as shadow prices, or reward values, the optimal strategy may thus be viewed as a revenue-based policy, which always assigns the transmission slot to the user yielding the maximum revenue. Calculating the optimal revenue vector directly is a formidable task, requiring detailed information on the channel statistics. Instead, we present adaptive algorithms for determining the optimal revenue vector on-line in an iterative fashion, without the need for explicit knowledge of the channel behavior. Starting from an arbitrary initial vector, the algorithms iteratively adjust the reward values to compensate for observed deviations from the target throughput ratios. The algorithms are validated through extensive numerical experiments. Besides verifying long-run convergence, we also examine the transient performance, in particular the rate of convergence to the optimal revenue vector. The results show that the target throughput ratios are tightly maintained, and that the algorithms are well able to track sudden changes in the channel conditions or throughput targets.