In the literature 2D (or bivariate) wavelets are usually constructed as a tensor product of 1D wavelets. Such wavelets are called separable. However, there are various applications, e.g. in image processing, for which non-separable 2D wavelets are preferable. In this paper, we investigate the class of compactly supported orthonormal 2D wavelets that was introduced by Belogay and Wang [2]. A characteristic feature of this class of wavelets is that the support of the corresponding filter comprises only two rows. We are concerned with the biorthogonal extension of this kind of wavelets. It turns out that the 2D wavelets in this class are intimately related to some underlying 1D wavelet. We explore this relation in detail, and we explain how the 2D wavelet transforms can be realized by means of a lifting scheme, thus allowing an efficient implementation. We also describe an easy way to construct wavelets with more rows and shorter columns.

CWI. Probability, Networks and Algorithms [PNA]
Signals and Images

Zhan, Y., & Heijmans, H. (2003). Non-separable 2D wavelets with two-row filters. CWI. Probability, Networks and Algorithms [PNA]. CWI.