Transitions out of the ground space limit the performance of quantum adiabatic algorithms, while hardware imperfections impose stringent limitations on the circuit depth. We propose an adiabatic echo verification protocol which mitigates both coherent and incoherent errors, arising from non-adiabatic transitions and hardware noise, respectively. Quasiadiabatically evolving forward and backward allows for an echo-verified measurement of any observable. In addition to mitigating hardware noise, our method uses positive-time dynamics only. Crucially, the estimator bias of the observable is reduced when compared to standard adiabatic preparation, achieving up to a quadratic improvement.

Google Quantum AI, Munchen, Germany

Schiffer, B., van Vreumingen, D., Tura, J., & Polla, S. (2024). Virtual mitigation of coherent non-adiabatic transitions by echo verification. Quantum, 8, 1346:1–1346:14. doi:10.22331/q-2024-05-14-1346