We investigate whether it is possible to teleport the coherence of an unknown quantum state from Alice to Bob by communicating a smaller number of classical bits in comparison to what is required for teleporting an unknown quantum state. We find that we cannot achieve perfect teleportation of coherence with one bit of classical communication for an arbitrary qubit. However, we find that if the qubit is partially known, i.e., chosen from the equatorial and polar circles of the Bloch sphere, then teleportation of coherence is possible with the transfer of one cbit of information when we have maximally entangled states as a shared resource. In the case of the resource being a nonmaximally entangled state, we can teleport the coherence with a certain probability of success. In a general teleportation protocol for coherence, we derive a compact formula for the final state at Bob's laboratory in terms of the composition of the completely positive maps corresponding to the shared resource state and a joint positive operator-valued measure (POVM) performed by Alice on her qubit and the unknown state. Using this formula, we show that teleportation of the coherence of a partially known state with real matrix elements is perfectly possible with the help of a maximally entangled state as a resource. Furthermore, we explore the teleportation of coherence with Werner states and show that even when Werner states become separable, the amount of teleported coherence is nonzero, implying the possibility of teleportation of coherence without entanglement.

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Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics

Sohail, (), Pati, A., Aradhya, V., Chakrabarty, I., & Patro, S. (2023). Teleportation of quantum coherence. Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 108(4). doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.108.042620