Sample holders for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) based on micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) have recently become popular for investigating the behavior of nanomaterials under in situ or environmental conditions. The accuracy and reproducibility of these in situ holders are essential to ensure the reliability of experimental results. In addition, the uniformity of an applied temperature trigger across the MEMS chip is a crucial parameter. In this work, it is measured the temperature homogeneity of MEMS-based heating sample supports by locally analyzing the dynamics of heat-induced alloying of Au@Ag nanoparticles located in different regions of the support through quantitative fast high-angle annular dark-field scanning TEM tomography. These results demonstrate the superior temperature homogeneity of a microheater design based on a heating element shaped as a circular spiral with a width decreasing outwards compared to a double spiral-shaped designed microheater. The proposed approach to measure the local temperature homogeneity based on the thermal properties of bimetallic nanoparticles will support the future development of MEMS-based heating supports with improved thermal properties and in situ studies where high precision in the temperature at a certain position is required.

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Particle and Particle Systems Characterization
MUltiscale, Multimodal and Multidimensional imaging for EngineeRING

Chen, Q, Skorikov, A, van der Hoeven, J.E.S, van Blaaderen, A, Albrecht, W, Pérez-Garza, H.H, & Bals, S. (2023). Estimation of temperature homogeneity in MEMS-based heating nanochips via quantitative HAADF-STEM tomography. Particle and Particle Systems Characterization. doi:10.1002/ppsc.202300070