We present a novel and easy-to-use method for calibrating error-rate based confidence intervals to evidence-based support intervals. Support intervals are obtained from inverting Bayes factors based on a parameter estimate and its standard error. A k support interval can be interpreted as “the observed data are at least k times more likely under the included parameter values than under a specified alternative.” Support intervals depend on the specification of prior distributions for the parameter under the alternative, and we present several types that allow different forms of external knowledge to be encoded. We also show how prior specification can to some extent be avoided by considering a class of prior distributions and then computing so-called minimum support intervals which, for a given class of priors, have a one-to-one mapping with confidence intervals. We also illustrate how the sample size of a future study can be determined based on the concept of support. Finally, we show how the bound for the Type I error rate of Bayes factors leads to a bound for the coverage of support intervals. An application to data from a clinical trial illustrates how support intervals can lead to inferences that are both intuitive and informative.

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American Statistician

Pawel, S., Ly, A., & Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2023). Evidential calibration of confidence intervals. American Statistician, 1–11. doi:10.1080/00031305.2023.2216239