A method is presented to include irregular domain boundaries in a geometric multigrid solver. Dirichlet boundary conditions can be imposed on an irregular boundary defined by a level set function. Our implementation employs quadtree/octree grids with adaptive refinement, a cell-centered discretization and pointwise smoothing. Boundary locations are determined at a subgrid resolution by performing line searches. For grid blocks near the interface, custom operator stencils are stored that take the interface into account. For grid block away from boundaries, a standard second-order accurate discretization is used. The convergence properties, robustness and computational cost of the method are illustrated with several test cases. New version program summary: Program Title: Afivo CPC Library link to program files: https://doi.org/10.17632/5y43rjdmxd.2 Developer's repository link: https://github.com/MD-CWI/afivo Licensing provisions: GPLv3 Programming language: Fortran Journal reference of previous version: Comput. Phys. Commun. 233 (2018) 156–166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2018.06.018 Does the new version supersede the previous version?: Yes. Reasons for the new version: Add support for internal boundaries in the geometric multigrid solver. Summary of revisions: The geometric multigrid solver was generalized in several ways: a coarse grid solver from the Hypre library is used, operator stencils are now stored per grid block, and methods for including boundaries via a level set function were added. Nature of problem: The goal is to solve Poisson's equation in the presence of irregular boundaries that are not aligned with the computational grid. It is assumed these irregular boundaries are defined by a level set function, and that a Dirichlet type boundary condition is applied. The main applications are 2D and 3D simulations with octree-based adaptive mesh refinement, in which the mesh frequently changes but the irregular boundaries do not. Solution method: A geometric multigrid method compatible with octree grids is developed, using a cell-centered discretization and point-wise smoothing. Near irregular boundaries, custom operator stencils are stored. Line searches are performed to locate interfaces with sub-grid resolution. To increase the methods robustness, this line search is modified on coarse grids if boundaries are otherwise not resolved. The multigrid solver uses OpenMP parallelization.

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Computer Physics Communications
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Teunissen, H.J, & Schiavello, F. (2023). Geometric multigrid method for solving Poisson's equation on octree grids with irregular boundaries. Computer Physics Communications, 286. doi:10.1016/j.cpc.2023.108665