Neural Architecture Search (NAS) has recently become a topic of great interest. However, there is a potentially impactful issue within NAS that remains largely unrecognized: noise. Due to stochastic factors in neural network initialization, training, and the chosen train/validation dataset split, the performance evaluation of a neural network architecture, which is often based on a single learning run, is also stochastic. This may have a particularly large impact if a dataset is small. We therefore propose to reduce this noise by evaluating architectures based on average performance over multiple network training runs using different random seeds and cross-validation. We perform experiments for a combinatorial optimization formulation of NAS in which we vary noise reduction levels. We use the same computational budget for each noise level in terms of network training runs, i.e., we allow less architecture evaluations when averaging over more training runs. Multiple search algorithms are considered, including evolutionary algorithms which generally perform well for NAS. We use two publicly available datasets from the medical image segmentation domain where datasets are often limited and variability among samples is often high. Our results show that reducing noise in architecture evaluations enables finding better architectures by all considered search algorithms.

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2022 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2022
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Dushatskiy, A, Alderliesten, T, & Bosman, P.A.N. (2022). Heed the noise in performance evaluations in neural architecture search. In GECCO 2022 Companion - Proceedings of the 2022 Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (pp. 2104–2112). doi:10.1145/3520304.3533995