This work introduces RADIUS, a framework for anomaly detection in sewer pipes using stereovision. The framework employs three-dimensional geometry reconstruction from stereo vision, followed by statistical modeling of the geometry with a generic pipe model. The framework is designed to be compatible with existing workflows for sewer pipe defect detection, as well as to provide opportunities for machine learning implementations in the future. We test the framework on 48 image sets of 26 sewer pipes in different conditions collected in the lab. Of these 48 image sets, 5 could not be properly reconstructed in three dimensions due to insufficient stereo matching. The surface fitting and anomaly detection performed well: a human-graded defect severity score had a moderate, positive Pearson correlation of 0.65 with our calculated anomaly scores, making this a promising approach to automated defect detection in urban drainage.

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Automation in Construction
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Meijer, D., Luimes, R., Knobbe, A., & Bäck, T. (2022). Anomaly detection in urban drainage with stereovision. Automation in Construction, 139, 104285:1–104285:13. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2022.104285