An algorithmic reduction theory for binary codes: LLL and more
In this article, we propose an adaptation of the algorithmic reduction theory of lattices to binary codes. This includes the celebrated LLL algorithm (Lenstra, Lenstra, Lovasz, 1982), as well as adaptations of associated algorithms such as the Nearest Plane Algorithm of Babai (1986). Interestingly, the adaptation of LLL to binary codes can be interpreted as an algorithmic version of the bound of Griesmer (1960) on the minimal distance of a code. Using these algorithms, we demonstrate —both with a heuristic analysis and in practice— a small polynomial speed-up over the Information-Set Decoding algorithm of Lee and Brickell (1988) for random binary codes. This appears to be the first such speed-up that is not based on a time-memory trade-off. The above speed-up should be read as a very preliminary example of the potential of a reduction theory for codes, for example in cryptanalysis.
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|IEEE Transactions on Information Theory|
|Organisation||Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands|
Debris-Alazard, T, Ducas, L, & van Woerden, W.P.J. (2022). An algorithmic reduction theory for binary codes: LLL and more. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. doi:10.1109/TIT.2022.3143620