This article summarizes lessons from the past three Hack3D events, including ways in which engineers can launch surprise attacks on digital manufacturing (DM) designs. A key outcome is a taxonomy-guided security benchmark for the DM community.
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Linares, M, Aswani, N, Mac, G, Jin, C, Chen, F, Gupta, N, & Karri, R. (2021). Hack3D: Crowdsourcing the assessment of cybersecurity in digital manufacturing. Computer, 54(11), 58–67. doi:10.1109/MC.2021.3074192