In the near-term, the number of qubits in quantum computers will be limited to a few hundreds. Therefore, problems are often too large and complex to be run on quantum devices. By distributing quantum algorithms over different devices, larger problem instances can be run. This distributing however, often requires operations between two qubits of different devices. Using shared entangled states and classical communication, these operations between different devices can still be performed. In the ideal case of perfect fidelity, distributed quantum computing is a solution to achieving scalable quantum computers with a larger number of qubits. In this work we consider the effects on the output fidelity of a quantum algorithm when using noisy shared entangled states. We consider the quantum phase estimation algorithm and present two distribution schemes for the algorithm. We give the resource requirements for both and show that using less noisy shared entangled states results in a higher overall fidelity.

Noisy quantum computing, Phase estimation, Distributed quantum computing, Entanglement fidelity, Quantum Fourier transform
International Conference on Computational Science

Neumann, N.M.P, van Houte, R, & Attema, T. (2020). Imperfect distributed quantum phase estimation. In Computational Science – ICCS 2020 (pp. 605–615). doi:10.1007/978-3-030-50433-5_46