In recent years, the development of devices for acquisition and rendering of 3D contents have facilitated the diffusion of immersive virtual reality experiences. In particular, the point cloud representation has emerged as a popular format for volumetric photorealistic reconstructions of dynamic real world objects, due to its simplicity and versatility. To optimize the delivery of the large amount of data needed to provide these experiences, adaptive streaming over HTTP is a promising solution. In order to ensure the best quality of experience within the bandwidth constraints, adaptive streaming is combined with tiling to optimize the quality of what is being visualized by the user at a given moment; as such, it has been successfully used in the past for omnidirectional contents. However, its adoption to the point cloud streaming scenario has only been studied to optimize multi-object delivery. In this paper, we present a low-complexity tiling approach to perform adaptive streaming of point cloud content. Tiles are defined by segmenting each point cloud object in several parts, which are then independently encoded. In order to evaluate the approach, we first collect real navigation paths, obtained through a user study in 6 degrees of freedom with 26 participants. The variation in movements and interaction behaviour among users indicate that a user-centered adaptive delivery could lead to sensible gains in terms of perceived quality. Evaluation of the performance of the proposed tiling approach against state of the art solutions for point cloud compression, performed on the collected navigation paths, confirms that considerable gains can be obtained by exploiting user-adaptive streaming, achieving bitrate gains up to 57% with respect to a non-adaptive approach with the same codec. Moreover, we demonstrate that the selection of navigation data has an impact on the relative objective scores.

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ACM International Conference on Multimedia
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Subramanyam, S., Viola, I., Hanjalic, A., & César Garcia, P. S. (2020). User centered adaptive streaming of dynamic point clouds with low complexity tiling. In Proceedings of the international conference on Multimedia (pp. 3669–3677). doi:10.1145/3394171.3413535