The basic concepts of mathematical morphology are introduced by considering two examples: The search for connected components in an image and the morphological analogue of the convolution operator. A brief history of the subject is included here.

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Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Heijmans, H.J.A.M. (2020). First principles. Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics. doi:10.1016/bs.aiep.2020.07.001