The basic concepts of mathematical morphology are introduced by considering two examples: The search for connected components in an image and the morphological analogue of the convolution operator. A brief history of the subject is included here.

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Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Heijmans, H. (2020). First principles. In Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics (pp. 1–15). doi:10.1016/bs.aiep.2020.07.001