McGill's theory of biodiversity is based upon three axioms: individuals of the same species cluster together, many rare species co-exist with a few common ones and individuals of different species grow independently of each other. Over the past decade, classical point pattern analyses have been employed to verify these axioms based on the false assumption of stationarity. In this paper, we use inhomogeneous versions of the classical summary statistics for spatial point patterns to assess the validity of McGill's first and third axioms for data obtained from a 50 hectare plot on Barro Colorado Island.

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de Jongh, M., & van Lieshout, M.-C. (2020). Testing biodiversity using inhomogeneous summary statistics.