City transit maps are one of the important resources for public navigation in today's digital world. However, the availability of transit maps for many developing countries is very limited, primarily due to the various socio-economic factors that drive the private operated and partially regulated transport services. Public transports at these cities are marred with many factors such as uncoordinated waiting time at bus stoppages, crowding in the bus, sporadic road conditions etc., which also need to be annotated so that commuters can take informed decision. Interestingly, many of these factors are spatio-temporal in nature. In this paper, we develop CityMap, a system to automatically extract transit routes along with their eccentricities from spatio-temporal crowdsensed data collected via commuters' smart-phones. We apply a learning based methodology coupled with a feature selection mechanism to filter out the necessary information from raw smart-phone sensor data with minimal user engagement and drain of battery power. A thorough evaluation of CityMap, conducted for more than two years over 11 different routes in 3 different cities in India, show that the system effectively annotates bus routes along with other route and road features with more than 90% of accuracy.

Spatio-temporal sensing, Map generation, City transports
dx.doi.org/10.1145/3139958.3140005
ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems

Ghosh, S, Verma, R, Ganguly, N, Mitra, B, & Chakraborty, S. (2017). Smart-phone based spatio-temporal sensing for annotated transit map generation. In Proceedings of the ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems. doi:10.1145/3139958.3140005