This paper considers an unsignalized intersection used by two traffic streams. A stream of cars is using a primary road, and has priority over the other stream. Cars be-longing to the latter stream cross the primary road if the gaps between two subsequent cars on the primary road are larger than their critical headways. A question that naturally arises relates to the capacity of the secondary road: given the arrival pattern of cars on the primary road, what is the maximum arrival rate of low-priority cars that can be sustained? This paper addresses this issue by considering a compact model that sheds light on the dynamics of the considered unsignalized intersection. The model, which is of a queueing-theoretic nature, reveals interesting insights into the impact of the user behavior on stability.

The contributions of this paper are threefold. First, we obtain new results for the afore-mentioned model that includes driver impatience. Secondly, we reveal some surprising aspects that have remained unobserved in the existing literature so far, many of which are caused by the fact that the capacity of the minor road cannot be expressed in terms of the mean gap size; instead more detailed characteristics of the critical headway distribution play a crucial role. The third contribution is the introduction of a new form of bunching on the main road, called Markov platooning. The tractability of this model allows us to study the impact of various platoon formations on the main road on the capacity of the minor road.

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Abhishek, ., Boon, M., Mandjes, M., & Núñez Queija, R. (2018). Congestion analysis of unsignalized intersections: The impact of impatience and Markov platooning.