The advent of renewable energy has huge implications for the design and control of power grids. Due to increasing supply-side uncertainty, traditional reliability constraints, such as strict bounds on current, voltage, and temperature in a transmission line have to be replaced by computationally demanding chance constraints. In this paper, we use large deviation techniques to study the probability of current and temperature overloads in power grids with stochastic power injections, and develop corresponding safe capacity regions. In particular, we characterize the set of admissible power injections such that the probability of overloading of any line over a given time interval stays below a fixed target. We show how enforcing (stochastic) constraints on temperature, rather than on current, results in a less conservative approach and can thus lead to capacity gains.

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IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems
Rare events: Asymptotics, Algorithms, Applications
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Nesti, T., Nair, J., & Zwart, B. (2019). Temperature overloads in power grids under uncertainty: A large deviations approach. IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems, 6(3), 1161–1173. doi:10.1109/TCNS.2019.2922492