It is well known that the wide range of spatial and temporal scales present in geophysical flow problems represents a (currently) insurmountable computational bottleneck, which must be circumvented by a coarse-graining procedure. The effect of the unresolved fluid motions enters the coarse-grained equations as an unclosed forcing term, denoted as the ’eddy forcing’. Traditionally, the system is closed by approximate deterministic closure models, i.e. so-called parameterizations. Instead of creating a deterministic parameterization, some recent efforts have focused on creating a stochastic, data-driven surrogate model for the eddy forcing from a (limited) set of reference data, with the goal of accurately capturing the long-term flow statistics. Since the eddy forcing is a dynamically evolving field, a surrogate should be able to mimic the complex spatial patterns displayed by the eddy forcing. Rather than creating such a (fully data-driven) surrogate, we propose to precede the surrogate construction step by a proce- dure that replaces the eddy forcing with a new model-error source term which: i) is tailor-made to capture spatially-integrated statistics of interest, ii) strikes a balance between physical in- sight and data-driven modelling , and iii) significantly reduces the amount of training data that is needed. Instead of creating a surrogate for an evolving field, we now only require a surrogate model for one scalar time series per statistical quantity-of-interest. Our current surrogate mod- elling approach builds on a resampling strategy, where we create a probability density function of the reduced training data that is conditional on (time-lagged) resolved-scale variables. We derive the model-error source terms, and construct the reduced surrogate using an ocean model of two-dimensional turbulence in a doubly periodic square domain.

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ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Uncertainty Quantification in Computational Sciences and Engineering
Scientific Computing

Edeling, W., & Crommelin, D. (2019). Reduced model-error source terms for fluid flow. In 3rd ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Uncertainty Quantification in Computational Sciences and Engineering, UNCECOMP 2019 (pp. 432–448). doi:10.7712/120219.6351.18769