Today’s smartphones allow for a wide range of “big data” measurement, for example, ecological momentary assessment (EMA), whereby behaviours are repeatedly assessed within a person’s natural environment. With this type of data, we can better understand – and predict – risk for behavioral and health issues and opportunities for (self-monitoring) interventions. In this mixed-methods feasibility study, through convenience sampling we collected data from 32 participants (aged 16–24) over a period of three months. To gain more insight into the app experiences of youth with mental health problems, we interviewed a subsample of 10 adolescents who received psycthological treatment. The results from this feasibility study indicate that emojis) can be used to identify positive and negative feelings, and individual pattern analyses of emojis may be useful for clinical purposes. While adolescents receiving mental health care are positive about future applications, these findings also highlight some caveats, such as possible drawback of inaccurate representation and incorrect predictions of emotional states. Therefore, at this stage, the app should always be combined with professional counseling. Results from this small pilot study warrant replication with studies of substantially larger sample size.

Additional Metadata
Keywords adolescence, ecological momentary assessment, emojis, mobile health interventions, youth at risk
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00593
Journal Frontiers in Psychiatry
Citation
van Dam, L, Rietstra, S, van der Drift, E, Stams, G.J.J.M, van der Mei, R.D, Mahfoud, M, … Reid, T.G. (2019). Can an emoji a day keep the doctor away? An explorative mixed-methods feasibility study to develop a self-help app for youth with mental health problems. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00593