Locally recoverable codes are a class of block codes with an additional property called locality. A locally recoverable code with locality r can recover a symbol by reading at most r other symbols. Recently, it was discovered by several authors that a q-ary optimal locally recoverable code, i.e., a locally recoverable code achieving the Singleton-type bound, can have length much bigger than q + 1. In this paper, we present both the upper bound and the lower bound on the length of optimal locally recoverable codes. Our lower bound improves the best known result in [12] for all distance d ≥ 7. This result is built on the observation of the parity-check matrix equipped with the Vandermonde structure. It turns out that a parity-check matrix with the Vandermonde structure produces an optimal locally recoverable code if it satisfies a certain expansion property for subsets of Fq. To our surprise, this expansion property is then shown to be equivalent to a well-studied problem in extremal graph theory. Our upper bound is derived by an refined analysis of the arguments of Theorem 3.3 in [6].

Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs
European Conference on Numerical Mathematics and Advanced Applications
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Xing, C., & Yuan, C. (2019). Construction of optimal locally recoverable codes and connection with hypergraph. In International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (pp. 98:1–98:13). doi:10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.98