Current head-mounted displays (HMDs) for Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) have a limited field-of-view (FOV). This limited FOV further decreases the already restricted human visual range and amplifies the problem of objects going out of view. Therefore, we explore the utility of augmenting HMDs with RadialLight, a peripheral light display implemented as 18 radially positioned LEDs around each eye to cue direction towards out-of-view objects. We first investigated direction estimation accuracy of multi-colored cues presented on one versus two eyes. We then evaluated direction estimation accuracy and search time performance for locating out-of-view objects in two representative 360° video VR scenarios. Key findings show that participants could not distinguish between LED cues presented to one or both eyes simultaneously, participants estimated LED cue direction within a maximum 11.8° average deviation, and out-of-view objects in less distracting scenarios were selected faster. Furthermore, we provide implications for building peripheral HMDs.
International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services. MobileHCI
Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam (CWI), The Netherlands

Gruenefeld, U, Stratmann, T.C, El Ali, A, Boll, S.C.J, & Heuten, W. (2018). RadialLight: Exploring radial peripheral LEDs for directional cues in head-mounted displays. In MobileHCI 2018 - Beyond Mobile: The Next 20 Years - 20th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services (pp. 1–6). doi:10.1145/3229434.3229437