A complete understanding of the dynamics of Multipath TCP (MPTCP) over Cellular and WiFi networks is still lacking. This is a highly challenging issue, as a consequence of the complex interdependencies between the losses, packet reordering due to heterogeneous wireless channel features, errors and link layer retransmissions, as well as their (joint) influence on MPTCP's control mechanism. In this paper we develop a comprehensive approach that is capable of assessing the performance of long-lived MPTCP flows with joint WiFi and Cellular network access, taking into account the diverse characteristics of both types of networks. Relying on a parallel queueing model, we develop a framework that features the controllable network parameters, such as the retransmission limit and the buffer sizes, so as to capture their impact on the TCP-level performance. We include a variety of numerical and simulation results highlighting various non-trivial findings and insights for adaptive MPTCP design. In particular, we design a novel MPTCP algorithm to exploit the route heterogeneity, and demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is capable of learning the network's characteristics. It also identifies the improved MPTCP window increment parameters for any given set of channel errors, retransmission limits, and buffer sizes.

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IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing

Pokhrel, S. R., & Mandjes, M. (2018). Improving Multipath TCP performance over WiFi and cellular networks: an analytical approach. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 18(11), 2562–2576. doi:10.1109/TMC.2018.2876366