Approximation and complexity of multi-target graph search and the Canadian traveler problem
In the Canadian traveler problem, we are given an edge weighted graph with two specified vertices s and t and a probability distribution over the edges that tells which edges are present. The goal is to minimize the expected length of a walk from s to t. However, we only get to know whether an edge is active the moment we visit one of its incident vertices. Under the assumption that the edges are active independently, we show NP-hardness on series-parallel graphs and give results on the adaptivity gap. We further show that this problem is NP-hard on disjoint-path graphs and cactus graphs when the distribution is given by a list of scenarios. We also consider a special case called the multi-target graph search problem. In this problem, we are given a probability distribution over subsets of vertices. The distribution specifies which set of vertices has targets. The goal is to minimize the expected length of the walk until finding a target. For the independent decision model, we show that the problem is NP-hard on trees and give a (3.59+ϵ)-approximation for trees and a (14.4+ϵ)-approximation for general metrics. For the scenario model, we show NP-hardness on star graphs.
|Keywords||Approximation algorithms, Canadian traveler problem, Computational complexity, Graph search problem, Routing under uncertainty|
|Journal||Theoretical Computer Science|
van Ee, M, & Sitters, R.A. (2018). Approximation and complexity of multi-target graph search and the Canadian traveler problem. Theoretical Computer Science. doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2018.04.022