On preparing ground states of gapped Hamiltonians: An efficient Quantum Lovász Local Lemma
A frustration-free local Hamiltonian has the property that its ground state minimises the energy of all local terms simultaneously. In general, even deciding whether a Hamiltonian is frustration-free is a hard task, as it is closely related to the QMA1-complete quantum satisfiability problem (QSAT) – the quantum analogue of SAT, which is the archetypal NP-complete problem in classical computer science. This connection shows that the frustration-free property is not only relevant to physics but also to computer science. The Quantum Lovász Local Lemma (QLLL) provides a sufficient condition for frustration-freeness. Is there an efficient way to prepare a frustration-free state under the conditions of the QLLL? Previous results showed that the answer is positive if all local terms commute. These works were based on Moser’s “compression argument” which was the original analysis technique of the celebrated resampling algorithm. We generalise and simplify the “compression argument”, so that it provides a simplified version of the previous quantum results, and improves on some classical results as well. More importantly, we improve on the previous constructive results by designing an algorithm that works efficiently for non-commuting terms as well, assuming that the system is “uniformly” gapped, by which we mean that the system and all its subsystems have an inverse polynomial energy gap. Similarly to the previous results, our algorithm has the charming feature that it uses only local measurement operations corresponding to the local Hamiltonian terms.
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|Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
|Algorithms and Complexity
Gilyén, A., & Sattath, O. (2017). On preparing ground states of gapped Hamiltonians: An efficient Quantum Lovász Local Lemma. In Proceedings of 58th IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS 2017 (pp. 439–450). doi:10.1109/FOCS.2017.47