We study the linear extension complexity of stable set polytopes of perfect graphs. We make use of known structural results permitting to decompose perfect graphs into basic perfect graphs by means of two graph operations: 2-join and skew partitions. Exploiting the link between extension complexity and the nonnegative rank of an associated slack matrix, we investigate the behaviour of the extension complexity under these graph operations. We show bounds for the extension complexity of the stable set polytope of a perfect graph G depending linearly on the size of G and involving the depth of a decomposition tree of G in terms of basic perfect graphs.