We prove hypergraph variants of the celebrated Alon-Roichman theorem on spectral expansion of sparse random Cayley graphs. One of these variants implies that for every prime $p\geq 3$ and any $\varepsilon > 0$, there exists a set of directions $D\subseteq \mathbb{F}_p^n$ of size $O_{p,\varepsilon}(p^{(1-1/p +o(1))n})$ such that for every set $A\subseteq \mathbb{F}_p^n$ of density $\alpha$, the fraction of lines in $A$ with direction in $D$ is within $\varepsilon\alpha$ of the fraction of all lines in $A$. Our proof uses new deviation bounds for sums of independent random multi-linear forms taking values in a generalization of the Birkhoff polytope. The proof of our deviation bound is based on Dudley's integral inequality and a probabilistic construction of $\varepsilon$-nets. Using the polynomial method we prove that a Cayley hypergraph with edges generated by a set~$D$ as above requires $|D| \geq \Omega_p(n^{p-1})$ for (our notion of) spectral expansion for hypergraphs.

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Series Algorithms and Complexity
Grant This work was funded by the The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO); grant id nwo/639.071.409 - Quantum and classical data transmission
Briët, J, & Rao, S. (2016). Arithmetic expanders and deviation bounds for random tensors. Algorithms and Complexity.