We study the simplex method over polyhedra satisfying certain “discrete curvature” lower bounds, which enforce that the boundary always meets vertices at sharp angles. Motivated by linear programs with totally unimodular constraint matrices, recent results of Bonifas et al (SOCG 2012), Brunsch and Röglin (ICALP 2013), and Eisenbrand and Vempala (2014) have improved our understanding of such polyhedra. We develop a new type of dual analysis of the shadow simplex method which provides a clean and powerful tool for improving all previously mentioned results. Our methods are inspired by the recent work of Bonifas and the first named author [4], who analyzed a remarkably similar process as part of an algorithm for the Closest Vector Problem with Preprocessing. For our first result, we obtain a constructive diameter bound of O( n2  ln n  ) for n-dimensional polyhedra with curvature parameter  2 [0, 1]. For the class of polyhedra arising from totally unimodular constraint matrices, this implies a bound of O(n3 ln n). For linear optimization, given an initial feasible vertex, we show that an optimal vertex can be found using an expected O( n3 ln n ) simplex pivots, each requiring O(mn) time to compute. An initial feasible solutioncan be found using O(mn3 ln n ) pivot steps.
Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry
Networks and Optimization

Dadush, D., & Hähnle, N. (2015). On the Shadow Simplex Method for Curved Polyhedra. In Proceedings of Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry 2015 (SoCG 0) (pp. 345–359).