A note on hierarchical hubbing for a generalization of the VPN problem
Robust network design refers to a class of optimization problems that occur when designing networks to efficiently handle variable demands. The notion of "hierarchical hubbing" was introduced (in the narrow context of a specific robust network design question), by Olver and Shepherd . Hierarchical hubbing allows for routings with a multiplicity of "hubs" which are connected to the terminals and to each other in a treelike fashion. Recently, Fréchette et al.  explored this notion much more generally, focusing on its applicability to an extension of the well-studied hose model that allows for upper bounds on individual point-to-point demands. In this paper, we consider hierarchical hubbing in the context of a previously studied (and extremely natural) generalization of the hose model, and prove that the optimal hierarchical hubbing solution can be found efficiently. This result is relevant to a recently proposed generalization of the "VPN Conjecture".