Drawing non-layered tidy trees in linear time
Software: Practice and Experience , Volume 2013
The well-known Reingold–Tilford algorithm produces tidy-layered drawings of trees: drawings where all nodes at the same depth are vertically aligned. However, when nodes have varying heights, layered drawing may use more vertical space than necessary. A non-layered drawing of a tree places children at a fixed distance from the parent, thereby giving a more vertically compact drawing. Moreover, non-layered drawings can also be used to draw trees where the vertical position of each node is given, by adding dummy nodes. In this paper, we present the first linear-time algorithm for producing non-layered drawings. Our algorithm is a modification of the Reingold–Tilford algorithm, but the original complexity proof of the Reingold–Tilford algorithm uses an invariant that does not hold for the non-layered case. We give an alternative proof of the algorithm and its extension to non-layered drawings. To improve drawings of trees of unbounded degree, extensions to the Reingold–Tilford algorithm have been proposed. These extensions also work in the non-layered case, but we show that they then cause a O(n2) run-time. We then propose a modification to these extensions that restores the O(n) run-time.
|Keywords||tree drawing, complexity proof, Reingold–Tilford algorithm|
|ACM||ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS AND PROBLEM COMPLEXITY (acm F.2)|
|THEME||Software (theme 1)|
|Journal||Software: Practice and Experience|
|Project||End-user scripting for visual software analysis|
van der Ploeg, A.J. (2013). Drawing non-layered tidy trees in linear time. Software: Practice and Experience, 2013.