In this paper we present an approach to specifying opera- tor precedence based on declarative disambiguation constructs and an implementation mechanism based on grammar rewriting. We identify a problem with existing generalized context-free parsing and disambigua- tion technology: generating a correct parser for a language such as OCaml using declarative precedence specification is not possible without resorting to some manual grammar transformation. Our approach provides a fully declarative solution to operator precedence specification for context-free grammars, is independent of any parsing technology, and is safe in that it guarantees that the language of the resulting grammar will be the same as the language of the specification grammar. We evaluate our new approach by specifying the precedence rules from the OCaml reference manual against the highly ambiguous reference grammar and validate the output of our generated parser.
K. Czarnecki , G. Hedin
International Conference on Software Language Engineering
Software Analysis and Transformation

Afroozeh, A., van den Brand, M., Johnstone, A., Scott, E., & Vinju, J. (2013). Safe Specification of Operator Precedence Rules. In K. Czarnecki & G. Hedin (Eds.), Proceedings of 6th International Conference, SLE 2013, Indianapolis, IN, USA, October 26-28, 2013 (pp. 137–156). doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02654-1_8