There exist a number of software engineering scenarios that essentially involve equivalence or correspondence assertions for some of the context-free grammars in the scenarios. For instance, when applying grammar transformations during parser development—be it for the sake of disambiguation or grammar-class compliance—one would like to preserve the generated language. Even though equivalence is generally undecidable for context-free grammars, we have developed an automated approach that is practically useful in revealing evidence of nonequivalence of grammars and discovering correspondence mappings for grammar nonterminals. Our approach is based on systematic test data generation and parsing. We discuss two studies that show how the approach is used in comparing grammars of open source Java parsers as well as grammars from the course work for a compiler construction class.
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Springer, Heidelberg
U. Aßmann , A.M. Sloane
GrammarLab: Foundations of a Grammar Laboratory
International Conference on Software Language Engineering
Software Analysis and Transformation

Fischer, B, Lämmel, R, & Zaytsev, V. (2012). Comparison of Context-free Grammars Based on Parsing Generated Test Data. In U Aßmann & A.M Sloane (Eds.), Post-proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Software Language Engineering (SLE 2011) (pp. 324–343). Springer, Heidelberg.