The magnetohydrodynamic effects associated with a magnetic field perpendicular to the movement of insulating inclusions or bubbles in a conducting liquid are investigated in this article. An increase in drag coefficient as a result of the presence of a magnetic field is argued to have a significant effect on their terminal rise velocity. Inside a continuous steel caster, this lower terminal velocity has a potentially negative effect on the removal rate of unwanted inclusions, degrading the steel quality. Simulations of an insulating rigid sphere moving in the presence of an electrical current show an electromagnetophoretic force per unit volume of $-\psi \mathbf{J} \times \mathbf{B}$, with a shape factor $\psi \approx 1$. Numerical fluid and dispersed gas phase simulations of the flow inside a submerged entry nozzle show that, because of this force, inhomogeneous magnetic fields can cause nonuniform gas distributions in accordance with a theoretical analysis. In particular, the magnetic field can be tailored to increase or decrease the amount of gas near the side walls.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Electromagnetophoretic effect, Submerged Entry Nozzle (SEN), Multiphase, Clogging, Continuous Casting, Steel
THEME Life Sciences (theme 5), Energy (theme 4)
Publisher Springer
Journal Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B
Haverkort, J.W, & Peeters, T.W.J. (2010). Magnetohydrodynamic Effects on Insulating Bubbles and Inclusions in the Continuous Casting of Steel. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 41B(6), 1240–1246.