In this paper we consider a single-server queue with Levy input, and in particular its workload process (Q_t), focusing on its correlation structure. With the correlation function defined as r(t) := Cov(Q_0,Q_t)/Var(Q_0) (assuming the workload process is in stationarity at time 0), we first study its transform with respect to t, both for the case that the Levy process has positive jumps, and that it has negative jumps. These expressions allow us to prove that r(·) is positive, decreasing, and convex, relying on the machinery of completely monotone functions. For the light-tailed case, we estimate the behavior of r(t) for t large. We then focus on techniques to estimate r(t) by simulation. Naive simulation techniques require roughly (r(t))^{?2} runs to obtain an estimate of a given precision, but we develop a coupling technique that leads to substantial variance reduction (required number of runs being roughly (r(t))^{?1}). If this is augmented with importance sampling, it even leads to a logarithmically efficient algorithm.
Additional Metadata
Keywords Lévy processes, reflection, workload process, correlation function, simulation, coupling, importance sampling
THEME Logistics (theme 3), Energy (theme 4)
Publisher CWI
Series CWI. Probability, Networks and Algorithms [PNA]
Citation
Glynn, P, & Mandjes, M.R.H. (2010). Simulation-based computation of the workload correlation function in a Lévy-driven queue. CWI. Probability, Networks and Algorithms [PNA]. CWI.