Multigrid solution for the steady RANS equations
A novel multigrid method for the solution of the steady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations is presented, that gives convergence speeds similar to laminar-flow multigrid solvers. The method is applied to Menter's one-equation turbulence model. New aspects of the method are the combination of nonlinear Gauss-Seidel smoothing on the finest grid with linear coarse grid corrections, and local damping in the initial stages of the computation, to keep the solution stable; the damping needed is estimated with the nonlinear smoother. Efficiency on the finest grid is increased with full multigrid, second-order accuracy is obtained with defect correction. Tests on boundary layers and airfoil flows show the efficiency of the method.