A convex formulation for Binary Tomography
A convex formulation for Discrete Tomography
Discrete tomography is concerned with the recovery of binary images from a few of their projections (i.e., sums of the pixel values along various directions). To reconstruct an image from noisy projection data, one can pose it as a constrained least-squares problem. As the constraints are non-convex, many approaches for solving it rely on either relaxing the constraints or heuristics. In this paper we propose a novel convex formulation, based on the Lagrange dual of the constrained least-squares problem. The resulting problem is a generalized LASSO problem which can be solved efficiently. It is a relaxation in the sense that it can only be guaranteed to give a feasible solution; not necessarily the optimal one. In exhaustive experiments on small images (2x2, 3x3, 4x4) we find, however, that if the problem has a unique solution, our dual approach finds it. In the case of multiple solutions, our approach finds the commonalities between the solutions. Further experiments on realistic numerical phantoms and an experiments X-ray dataset show that our method compares favourably to alternative approaches, including Total Variation and DART.
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Kadu, A.A, & van Leeuwen, T. (2018). A convex formulation for Binary Tomography.